Salar Uyuni 3 Days

Salar Uyuni (or Salar de Tunupa) is the world’s largest salt flat at 10,582 square kilometers (4,086 sq mi). It is located in the Potosí and Oruro departments in southwest Bolivia, near the crest of the Andes, and is elevated 3,656 meters (11,995 ft) above mean sea level.The Salar was formed as a result of transformations between several prehistoric lakes. It is covered by a few meters of salt crust, which has an extraordinary flatness with the average altitude variations within one meter over the entire area of the Salar. The crust serves as a source of salt and covers a pool of brine, which is exceptionally rich in lithium. It contains 50 to 70% of the world’s lithium reserves, which is in the process of being extracted. The large area, clear skies and exceptional surface flatness make the Salar an ideal object for calibrating the altimeters of the Earth observation satellites.The Salar serves as the major transport route across the Bolivian Altiplano and is a major breeding ground for several species of pink flamingos. Salar de Uyuni is also a climatological transitional zone, for towering tropical cumulus congestus and cumulus incus clouds that form in the eastern part of the massive salt flat during summer, cannot permeate beyond the salt flat’s considerably more arid western edges, near the Chilean border and the Atacama

DAY 1: La Paz – Oruro – Uyuni. Mid-morning bus departure from La Paz to Oruro. In Oruro, you will take the afternoon train to Uyuni to cross the Altiplano and East part of Lake Poopó, the second largest lake in Bolivia. From the train, you can observe old and present mining factories, llamas, alpacas, vicunas, the Andean Rhea, Andean flamingos, and other wildlife. Arrival at Uyuni at night. Overnight in Uyuni. (L)
DAY 2: Uyuni’s Salt Lake. You will depart from Uyuni to Colchani to see how locals extract and process the salt. Also you will observe the “ojos de sal” which are sections where ice cold healing water bubbles through the salt. This water comes from an underground river from the Tunupa Volcano. On the way to Isla Incawasi you will see two hotels made entirely from salt blocks. At Isla Incawasi you will have lunch and then explore the island with its amazing huge cactuses. The infinite view of the salt lake from this place is impressive. In the afternoon you will return to Uyuni and visit the train cemetery. Hotel in Uyuni to rest until the train departs at 11:45 pm. Overnight train to Oruro (D,L).
DAY 3: Oruro – La Paz. Breakfast at the Oruro Train Station and morning trip by bus to La Paz. Arrival by noon. Transfer to your hotel.(B)

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